Transzendentale Meditation: Literatur

Bücher, Artikel 

[1]Alexander, C. N., Cranson, R. W., Boyer, R. W., Orme-Johnson, D. (1987) Transcendental Consciousness: A fourth state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. In: J. Gackenbach (Eds.): Sleep and Dreams: A sourcebook, 282-315

[2]Alexander, C. N., Larimore, W. A., Dash, P., Titus, B., Israelson, L. (1987) Distinguishing between Transcendental Meditation, sleep and other forms of rest according to electrophysiological criteria. Paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association Meeting, May 1987, Chicago, Illinois. In: Wallace, R. K., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Dillbeck, M. C. (Eds.): Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program, Coll. pap. Vol. V, Fairfield, Iowa, USA: Maharishi International University Press

Alexander, C. N., Boyer, W. (1989) Seven states of consciousness: Unfolding the full potential of the Cosmic Psyche in individual life through Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology. Modern Science and Vedic Science, 2(4), 325 - 371

[1]Alexander, C. N. (1990) Cognitive Stage Development in Children Practicing the Transcendental Meditation Program: Acquisition and Consolidation of Conservation. In: Chalmers, R., Clements, G., Schenkluhn, H., Weinless, M. (Eds.): Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Coll. pap. Vol. IV, Maharishi European Research University Publication No. N3122, Vlodrop, Niederlande: MVU Press

[2]Alexander, C. N., Davies, J. L., Dixon, C. A., Dillbeck, M. C., Oetzel, R. M., Druker, S. M., Muehlman, J. M., & Orme-Johnson, D. W.(1990) Growth of higher states of consciousness: Maharishis Vedic Psychology of Human Development. In: Alexander, C. N. and Langer, E. J. (Eds.): Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth (286–340). New York: Oxford University Press

[3]Alexander, C. N., Drucker, S., & Langer, E. (1990). Major issues in the exploration of adult growth. In C. N. Alexander & E. Langer (Eds.), Higher staged of human development New York: Oxford University Press.

[4]Alexander, C. N., & Langer, E. J. (Eds.). (1990). Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth. New York: Oxford University Press.

[1]Alexander, C. N., & Gackenbach, J. (1991). Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences,  12, 1105–1116.

[2]Alexander, C. N., Rainforth, M. V., Gelderloos, P. (1991) Transcendental Meditation, Self Actualization, and Psychological Health: A Conceptual Overview and Statistical Meta-Analysis. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6(5), 189-247

[1]Alexander, C.N., Robinson P., Orme-Johnson D.W., Schneider, R.H., & Walton K.G. (1993). The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation and meditation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis., 35(4-5): 243-264. 

[2]Alexander, C. N., Swanson, G. C., Rainforth, M. V., Carlisle, T. W., Todd, C. C., & Oates, R. M. (1993). Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal, 6, 245-262.

[1]Alexander, C. N. (1994). Transcendental Meditation. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (pp. 5465-5466). New York: Wiley Interscience.

[2]Alexander, C. N., Heaton, D., & Chandler, H. (1994). The Vedic Psychology of higher stages of development. In M. Miller & S. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and Mature Thought in Adulthood: The Further Reaches of Adult Development (pp. 39-70). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

[3]Alexander, C. N., Heaton, D. P., & Chandler, H. M. (1994). Advanced human development in the Vedic Psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Theory and research. In M. E. Miller & S. R. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and Mature Thought in Adulthood, (pp. 39-70). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

[4]Alexander, C. N., Robinson, P., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Schneider, R. H., & Walton, K. G. (1994). The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis,  35(4/5).

[5]Alexander, C. N., Robinson, P., & Rainforth, M. (1994). Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 11, 13-87.

[1]Alexander, C. N., Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Langer, E. J., Newman, R. I., & Chandler, H. M. (1996). A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction on cardiovascular and all cause mortality: A 15 year follow-up on the effects of Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness and relaxation. Circulation, 93(3), 19.

[2]Alexander, C. N., Schneider, R. H., Staggers, F., Sheppard, W., Clayborne, B. M., Rainforth, M., Salerno, J., Kondwani, K., Smith, S., Walton, K. G., & Egan, B. (1996). Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans II. Sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension, 28(2), 228-237.

[1]Alexander, C. N., Walton, K. G., Goodman, R. (2003). Walpole study of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners I: Cross-sectional differences. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4)97-126.

[2]Alexander, C. N., Frank, P., Walton, K. G., & Grant, J. (2003). Walpole study of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners III: Reduced recidivism. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4)161-180.

[3]Alexander, C. N., Walton, K. G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Goodman, R. (2003). Impact of Transcendental Meditation in Offender Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press. 

[4]Alexander, V., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Schmidt-Wilk, J., & Schneider, R. (2003). Maharishi's Vedic psychology and its applications: A special issue honoring Charles N. "Skip" Alexander. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Andresen, B. (2002)  HPI Hamburger Persönlichkeitsinventar. Göttingen: Hogrefe

Anonymus (1975) Der Weg des Schweigens. Christliches Zen. Ein „Brief“ zur Anleitung. Hrsg. W. Johnston, deutsche Ausgabe hrsg. von W. Massa, Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker

Anonymus (1974) Kontemplative Meditation. Die Wolke des Nichtwissens. Mainz: Matthias-Grünewald-Vlg.

Appelle S., Oswald L. E. (1974) Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 38, 1263 – 1268

Aubin, H.: The psychotherapy of Janov and pedopsychiatry. Revue de Neuropsychiatrie Infantile et d'Hygiene Mentale de l'Enfance, 25(2), 129-138

Augenstein, S. (2003) Yoga und Konzentration. Theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Untersuchungsergebnisse. Immenhausen bei Kassel: Prolog

Avila, D., Nummela, R. (1977) Transcendental Meditation: A psychological interpretation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(3), 842-844

Badawi K., Wallace, R.K., Orme–Johnson, D. (1984) Elektrophysiologic charakteristics of respiratory suspension periods occuring during the practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program. Psychosomatic Medicine, 46 (3), 267-276 

Banquet J. P., Lesevre, N. (1980) Event-related potentials in altered states of consciousness. Motivation, Motor and Sensory Processes of the Brain, Progress in Brain Research, 54, 447–453

Banquet J.-P (1973) Spectral Analysis of the EEG in Meditation. Electroencephal. Clin. Neurophysiol. 35, 143 – 151 

Barnes, V. A., Johnson, M. H., & Treiber, F. A. (2003). Impact of stress reduction on ambulatory blood pressure in African American adolescents. Ethnicity and Disease, 13(S2-173).

Barnes, V., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., & Staggers, F. (1997). Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89(7), 464-476.

Barnes, V. A., Treiber, F. A., Turner, J. R., Davis, H., & Strong, W. B. (1999). Acute Effects of Transcendental Meditation on Hemodynamic Functioning in Middle-Aged Adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 525-531

Barnes, V., Schneider, R., Alexander, C., Staggers, F., & Clayborne, B. (1996a). Randomized trial of stress reduction in older African American hypertensives: 5 year follow-up in all cause and CVD mortality. Paper presented at the Eleventh Interdisciplinary Conference, International Society on Hypertension in Blacks, New Orleans

Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Rainforth, M., Staggers, F., & Salerno, J. (2003). Impact of Transcendental Meditation on Mortality in Older African Americans—Eight Year Follow-up. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Sheppard, W., & Staggers, F. (1996b). Effects of stress reduction on mortality in older African American hypertensives: 5 year follow-up. Submitted for publication. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Eleventh International Interdisciplinary Conference on Hypertension in Blacks, New Orleans, LA.

Barnes, V. A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Staggers, F., & Clayborne, M. (July, 1996). Randomized trial of stress reduction in older African American hypertensives: 5 year follow-up on all-cause and CVD mortality. Paper presented at the Presented at the Eleventh Interdisciplinary Conference, International Society on Hypertension in Blacks, New Orleans

Barnes, V. A., Treiber, F. A., & Davis, H. (2001). Impact of Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular function at rest and during acute stress in adolescents with high normal blood pressure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 51, 597-605

Barnes, V. A.(2005) EEG, hypometabolism, and ketosis during Transcendental Meditation indicate it does not increase epilepsy risk. Med Hypotheses 65: 2023

Barte, H. N., Bastien, B. (1980) Regard froid sur la meditation transcendentale. Annales Medico-Psychologiques, 138(7), 839-848

Belschner, W. (2002) Die vergessene Dimension in Grawes Allgemeiner Psychotherapie. In: Transpersonale Studien, Hrsgb. W. Belschner, P. Gottwald, Oldenburg: Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der Universität BIS – Verlag 

Bennet, J. E., Trinder, J. (1977) Hemispheric laterality and cognitive style associated with transcendental meditation. Psychophysiology, 14, 293-296

Benson H. (1975) The Relaxation Response. New York: William Morrow and Co.

Benson, H., Wallace, R. K. (1972) Decreased blood pressure in hypertensive subjects who practiced meditation. Circulation, 45, 46, Supplement: 516

Bevan, A. J. W., Young, P. M., Wellby, M. L., Nenadovic, P., Dickins, J. A. (1976) Endocrine changes in relaxation procedures. Proceedings of the Endocrine Society of Australia, 19, 59

Blackwell, B., Hanenson, I., Bloomfield, S. S., Magenheim, H. G., Nidich, S. I., Gartside, P. (1975) Effects of Transcendental Meditation on blood pressure: A controlled pilot experiment. Psychosomatic Medicine, 37(1), 86

Blasdell, K. S. (1989) Acute immunoreactivity modified by psychosocial factors: Type A / B behavior, Transcendental Meditation and lymphocyte transformation. Dissertation Abstracts International 50(10), April 1990

Bleick, C. R., Abrams, A. I. (1987) The Transcendental Meditation Program and criminal recidivism in California. Journal of Criminal Justice, 15(3), 211-230

Block, B. (1977) Transcendental Meditation as a reciprocal inhibitor in psychotherapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 9(1), 78-82

Buchheld, N. (2000) Achtsamkeit in Vipassana-Meditation und Psychotherapie. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung Bd. 2, Frankfurt: Peter Lang

Bujatti, M., Riederer, P. (1976) Serotonin, Dopamine metabolites in Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Neural Transmission, 39, 257-267

Castillo, R. J. (1990) Depersonalization and meditation. Psychiatry, 53(2), 158-168

Castillo-Richmond, A., Schneider, R. H., Alexander, C. N., Cook, R., Myers, H., Nidich, S., Haney, C., Rainforth, M., Salerno, J. (2000) Effects of stress reduction on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans. Stroke, 31(3), 568-573 

Cauthen, N. R., Prymak, C. A. (1977) Meditation versus relaxation: An examination of the physiological effects of relaxation training and of different levels of experience with transcendental meditation.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45(3), 496-497

Chalmers R. (2005) Transcendental Meditation does not predispose to epilepsy. Med Hypotheses 65: 6245

Chandler, H. M., Alexander, C. N., Heaton, D. P., & Grant, J. (2003). A 10–year longitudinal study of self development through the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Cooper, M. J. (1979) A relaxation technique in the management of hypercholesterinaemia. Journal of Human Stress. 5(4) Framingham, Mass.

Davies, J. L., & Alexander, C. N. (2003). Alleviating political violence through reducing collective tension: Impact Assesment analysis of the Lebanon war. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Dayton, T., Boles, D. B. (1990) No difference in cerebral hemispheric asymmetry of meditators as opposed to nonmeditators. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 28(3), 211-214

De Bont, H. G. (1980) Transcendental Meditation: A critical view. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 6(1), 1-11

De Weid, D., (1978) in: De Weid, D., van Keep, P. A. (Eds.) Hormones and the Brain. Baltimore, University Park, 103

Dillbeck, M. C., Landrith III, G., Orme-Johnson, D. (1981) The Transcendental Meditation Program and crime rate change in a sample of forty-eight cities. Journal of Crime and Justice, 4, 25-45

Dillbeck, M., Orme-Johnson, D., Wallace, R. K. (1981) Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 151-157

[1]Dillbeck, M. C., Abrams A. I. (1987) The application of the Transcendental Meditation Program to Corrections. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 11, 111–132

[2]Dillbeck, M., Cavanaugh, K. L., Glenn, T., Orme-Johnson, D., Mittlefehldt, V., (1987) Consciousness as a Field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program and changes in social indicators. The Journal of Mind and Behavior , 8, 67–104

[3]Dillbeck, M. C., Orme-Johnson, D. W. (1987) Physiological Differences between Transcendental Meditation and Rest. American Psychologist, 42, 879-881

Dillbeck, M. C., Banus, C. B., Polanzi, C., Landrith III, G. S. (1988) Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime.  Journal of Mind & Behavior, 9(4), 457-485

Dillbeck, M. C. (1990). Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research,  22, 399–418.

Dixon, C. A. (1989) Consciousness and cognitive development: A six-month longitudinal study of four-years-olds practicing the children’s Transcendental Meditation technique. Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, USA

Domash, L. H. (1977) Introduction: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and the Transcendental Meditation Program: A new direction for scientific research. In: Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.):  Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU Press

Domino, G., (1977) Transcendental Meditation and creativity: An empirical investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62(3), 358-362

Doner, D. W., (1976) The Transcendental Meditation technique - a "self-care" program for the dialysis/transplant patient. Journal of the American Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technicians, 3(3), 119-125

Ehrensing, R. H., Miichell, G. F., Baker, R. P. (1978) Vasopressin’s effects on acquisition and extinction of conditioned avoidance response to smoking. Peptides. 3 527-535

Engel, K. (1999) Meditation: Geschichte, Systematik, Forschung, Theorie. Frankfurt: Peter Lang

Engel, K. (2000) Meditative Wege - eine empirische Untersuchung.  Transpersonale Psychologie und Psychotherapie 1, 84-103

Engel, K. (2001), Meditative Experience and Different Paths: Data Based Analyses. Journal for Meditation and Meditation Research. 1(1), 35 - 53

Enomiya-Lassalle, Hugo (1972) Meditation als Weg zur Gotteserfahrung. Topos-Taschenbücher, Bd. 94. Mainz: Matthias-Grünewald-Verlag

Eppley, K. R., Abrams, A. I., Shear, J. (1989) Differential Effects of Relaxation Techniques on Trait Anxiety: A Meta Analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45(6), 957 – 974

Eyerman, J. (1981) Transcendental Meditation and Mental Retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 42(1), 35–36

Farrow, J. T., Russel, H., (1982) Breath suspension during the transcendental meditation technique. Psychosomatic Medicine, 44(2), 133-153

Fehr, T., U. Nerstheimer, S. Törber, (1972) Untersuchung von 49 Praktizierenden der Transzendentalen Meditation mit dem Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar. Universität Köln. In Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.): Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU Press (1977)

Fehr, T. (1975) Die Wirkungen der TM auf die Veränderung von Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen. Schöpferische Intelligenz, 4/20, 4 – 15; „A longitudinal study of the effect of the Transcendental Meditation Program on changes in personality. In: Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.):  Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU Press (1977)

Fehr, T. (1996) Therapeutisch relevante Effekte durch Transzendentale Meditation ? Psychother. Psychosom. med. Psychol. 46, 178 - 188

Fehr, T. (1998) Bioenergetische Prozess-Analyse, Frankfurt: Swets Test Services

[1]Fehr, T. (2002) Die modifizierende Wirkung sozialer Erwünschtheit in der psychologischen Selbstbeschreibung Praktizierender spiritueller Techniken am Beispiel der Transzendentalen Meditation. Report Psychologie, 27(1), 22-31

[2]Fehr, T. (2002) The role of simplicity (effortlessness) as a prerequisite for the experience of Pure Consciousness – the non-dual state of Oneness: “Turiya”, “Samadhi” in meditation. Journal for Meditation and Meditation Research 1, 49–77

[3]Fehr, T. (2002) Hormone – Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen fragen Sie ihren Psychotherapeuten. Bericht über Nebenwirkungen der Hormonersatztherapie an die Arzneimittelkommission der Deutschen Ärzteschaft. Wesel, IPPM, unveröffentlicht

Fehr, T. (2003) Yoga Meditation Samadhi Therapie aus Sicht des Advaita-Vedanta. Die Philosophie des Nondualismus und psychosoziale Wirkungen ihrer Anwendung. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung, ed. K. Engel, R. Wahsner, H. Walach, Bd. 5, Frankfurt: Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften Peter Lang

Fehr, T. (2006) Transcendental Meditation may prevent partial Epilepsy. Medical Hypotheses, doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2006.06.008

Fehr, T. (2010) Effects of Meditation and Psychotherapy on psychosomatic symptoms, depression, and subjective stress - antagonistic or complementary approaches?

Fenwick, P. B., Donaldons, S., Gillis, L., Bushman, J., G. W., Perry, J., Tilsley, H., Serafinowicz, H. (1977) Metabolic and EEG changes during transcendental meditation: An explanation. Biological Psychology, 5(2), 101-118

Ferguson P. C. (1981) An integrative Meta-Analysis of Psychological Studies investigating the Treatment Outcomes of Meditation Techniques. Dissertation, School of Education, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA

[1]Gallois, P., Forzy, G., Dhont, J. L., (1984) Changements hormonaux durant la relaxation. Encephale, 10(2), 79-82

[2]Gallois, P. (1984) Modifications neurophysiologiques et respiratoires lors de la pratique des techniques de la relaxation. Encephale, 10(3), 139-144

Gelderloos, P., Lockie, J. L., Chuttoorgoon, S. (1987) Field independence of students at Maharishi School of the age of enlightenment and an Montessori School. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 65, 613 – 614

Gelderloos, P., Hermans, H. J. M., Ahlström, H. H., & Jacoby, R. (1990). Transcendence and psychological health: studies with long-term participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Psychology, 124(2), 177–197.

Gelderloos, P., Walton, K. G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Alexander, C. (1991). Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in preventing and treating substance misuse: A review. International Journal of the Addictions, 26, 293–325.

Geldner, K. F. (1951) Der Rig - Veda. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, London: Geoffrey Cumberledge Oxford University Press, Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz

Glaser, J. L., Brind, J. L., Eisner, M. J., Dillbeck, M. C., Vogelman, J. H., Wallace, R. K. (1992) Elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone solfate levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi Programs. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15(4), 327-341

Glueck, B. C., Stroebel, C. F. (1975) Biofeedback and meditation in the treatment of psychiatric illnesses. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 16(4), 303-321

Goodman, R. S., Walton, K. G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Boyer, R. (2003). The Transcendental Meditation program—A consciousness-based developmental technology for rehabilitation and crime prevention.  Journal of Offender Rehabilitatio, 36(1/2/3/4), 1-34.

Grawe, K., Donati, R., Bernauer, F. (1994): Psychotherapie im Wandel - Von der Konfession zur Profession. Hogrefe, Göttingen

Griggs, S. T. (1982) Clairvoyance and the Transcendental Meditation Sidhi Program. Dissertation Abstracts International, 43(6) (1980-B), Ann Arbor, Mich., Dec. 1982

Hagelin, J. S., Rainforth, M. V., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Cavanaugh, K. L., Alexander, C. N., Shatkin, S. F., Davies, J. L., Hughes, A. O., & Ross, E. (1999). Effects of group practice of the Transcendental Meditation program on preventing violent crime in Washington, DC: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June–July 1993. Social Indicators Research, 47(2), 153-201.

Hatchard, G. D., Deans, A. J., Cavanaugh, K. L., & Orme-Johnson, D. W. (1996). The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165-174.

Hawkins, M. A., Alexander, C. N., Travis, F. T., Camelia, C. R. T., Walton, K. G., Durchholz, C. F., & Rainforth, M. W. (2003). Effects of Maharishi's consciousness-based rehabilitation on inmates in the Netherlands Antilles: I. Psychosocial and cognitive changes. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36,(1/2/3/4),205-228.

Hariharananda Aranya, Swami (1977) Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali. Calcutta: Calcutta University Press

Harrison, S. D., Pagano, R., Warrenburg, S. (1976) Meditation and right hemispheric functioning: Spatial localization. Proceedings of the Biofeedback Research Society, 7th annual meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, February 27 - March 2: 33, 1976

Hawkins, M. A., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Durchholz, C. F. (2003). Fulfilling the rehabilitative ideal through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programs: Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Hebert, R., Lehmann, D. (1977) Theta-bursts: An EEG-pattern in normal subjects practising the transcendental meditation technique. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 42, 397-405

Herron, R. E. (1993). The impact of Transcendental Meditation practice on medical expenditures. Dissertation Abstracts International, 12A, 53.

Herron, R. E. (2003). Can the Transcendental Meditation program reduce medical expenditures of older people? A longitudinal medical cost minimization study in Canada. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Herron, R. E., Hillis, S. L., Mandarino, J. V., Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Walton, K. G. (1996a). The impact of the Transcendental Meditation program on government payments to physicians in Quebec.  American Journal of Health Promotion, 10(3), 183-191.

Herron, R. E., Schneider, R. H., Mandarino, J. V., Alexander, C. N., & Walton, K. G. (1996b). Cost-effective hypertension management: Comparison of drug therapies with and alternative program. American Journal of Managed Care, 2(4), 427-437.

Hohn, T. (2000) Meister Eckharts Lehre von der Gottessohnschaft. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung, Bd. 1, Frankfurt: Peter Lang

Holler, J. (1991) Das neue Gehirn . 1991: S: 122-123

Holmes, D. S. (1984) Meditation and Somatic Arousal Reduction. Am. Psycholologist. 39(1), 1-10

Holmes, D. S. (1983) Effects of Transcendental Meditation Versus Resting on Physiological and Subjective Arousal. J. Personality and Social Psychology, 44(6), 1245 – 1252

Holt, W. R., Caruso, J. L., Riley, J. B. (1978) Transcendental Meditation vs pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 46, 726

[1]Honsberger, R.; Wilson, A. F. (1973) The effect of transcendental meditation upon bronchial asthma. Clinical Research, 21: 278

[2]Honsberger, R. W., Wilson, A. F. (1973) Transcendental Meditation in treating asthma. Respiration Therapy: The Journal of Inhalation Technology, 3, 79-80

Howald, W. (1989) Meditationsforschung - Einführung und Überblick. Gruppendynamik, 20(4), 345-367

Jäger, A. O. (1973)  Dimensionen der Intelligenz. Göttingen: Hogrefe

Jangid, R. K., Vays, J. N., Shukla, T. R. (1988) Effect of Transcendental Meditation in cases of anxiety neuroses.  Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology, 15(2), 77-79

Jevning, R., Wilson, A. F. (1977) Behavioral increase of cerebral blood flow. The Physiologist, 2, 60

Jevning, R., Pirkle, H. C., Wilson, A. F. (1977) Behavioral alteration of plasma phenylalanine concentration. Physiology & Behavior, 19, 611-614

Jevning, R., Wallace, R. K., Beidebach, M. (1992) The physiology of meditation: A review: A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 16(3), 415-424

Jevning, R., Anand, R., Beidebach, M., & Fernanco, G. (1996). Effects on regional cerebral blood flow of Transcendental Meditation. Physiology & Behavior, 59(3), 399-402.

Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R., Sellers, W. (1986) Four year follow-up of a meditation-based program for the self-regulation of chronic pain: Treatment outcomes and compliance. Clin. J. Pain 2, 159-173

Kegan, R. (1983) The evolving self. Harvard University Press, Harvard

Kniffki, C. (1979) Transzendentale Meditation und Autogenes Training - Ein Vergleich. München: Kindler Verlag, Reihe "Geist und Psyche"

Kobal, G., Wandhöfer, A., Plattig, K.-H. (1975) EEG power spectra and auditory evoked potentials in transcendental meditation (TM).  Pflügers Archiv, Supplement 359: 191, R 96

Kotchabhakdi, N. J., Pipatveravat S., Kotchabhakdi N., Tapanya P., Pornpathkul S. (1982) Improvement of Intelligence, learning ability and moral judgment through the practice of the Transcendental Meditation Technique. Proceedings of the Second Asian Workshop on Child and Adolescent Development, Feburary 15–24, 1982, Bangkok and Bangsaen, Thailand

Krampen, G. (1991) Diagnostisches und Evaluatives Instrumentarium zum Autogenen Training (AT-EVA). Handanweisung. Göttingen: Hogrefe

Kurtz, R. (1985)  Körperzentrierte Psychotherapie – Die Hakomi Methode. Essen: Synsthesis

Leggett, T. (1992) Shankara on the Yoga Sutras – a full translation of the newly discovered Text. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers

Lewis, J. W. (1978) Jungian depth psychology and transcendental meditation: Complementary practices for the realization of the self. Dissertation Abstracts International, 39(2-B), 986-987

Lowen, A. (1979) Bioenergetik. Therapie der Seele durch Arbeit mit dem Körper. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt 

Lowen, A. (1988)  Körperausdruck und Persönlichkeit. Grundlagen und Praxis der Bioenergetik. Kempten: Kösel

MacLean, C. R. K.,Walton,K. G.,Wenneberg,S. R.,Levitsky,D. K.,Mandari-no,J. P.,Waziri,R.,Hillis,S. L.,Schneider,R. H. (1997) Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on adaptive mechanisms: changes in hormone levels and responses to stress after 4 months of practice. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 22(4), 277-295

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1966) The Science of Being and Art of Living. Rishikesh: International SRM Publications, Shankaracharya Nagar, Rishikesh, U. P., India

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1967) Bhagavad Gita – a new translation and commentary. Rishikesh: International SRM Publications, Shankaracharya Nagar, Rishikesh, U. P., India

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1972) Breathing, nervous system and transcendental consciousness. Weekly Meeting Tape 1.5.2, International Film and Tape Library, Maharishi International University, National Center, 1015 Gayley Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal. 90024 

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1989)  Science of Creative Intelligence and the fourth state of consciousness. The Science of Creative Intelligence, Lesson 22. Vlodrop: Maharishi Vedic University

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1972)  Science of Creative Intelligence, 33 lectures Video-Kurs 

Mason, L. I., Alexander, C. N., Travis, F. T., Marsh, G., Orme-Johnson, D., Gackenbach, J., Mason, D. C., Rainforth, M., Walton, K. G. (1997) Electrophysiological Correlates of Higher States of Consciousness During Sleep in Long-Term Practtioners of the Transcendetal Meditation Program. Sleep, 20(2), 102–110

Meissner, J., Pirot, M. (1983) Unbiasing the brain: The effects of meditation upon the cerebral hemispheres. Social Behavior & Personality, 11(1), 65-76

Miller, J. (1977) Discussion of "The human-potential movement: Implications for Psychoanalysis". American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 37(2), 111-114

Mills, P. J., Schneider, R. H., Hill, D., Walton, K., Wallace, R. K. (1990) Beta-adrenergic receptor sensitivity in subjects practicing Transcendental Meditation. Journ. Psychosom. Research, 34(1), 29-33

Miskiman, D. The Treatment of insomnia by the Transcendental Meditation Program. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (1972); published in: Orme-Johnson, D. W., Farrow, J. T. (Eds.): Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program, Coll. pap. Vol. I, Maharishi European Research University Press Publication Number G 1181, Maharishi International University, Germany: MERU Press

Morse, D. R., Martin, J. S., Furst, M. L., Dubin, L. L. (1977) A physiological and subjective evaluation of meditation, hypnosis, and relaxation. Psychosomatic Medicine , 39(5), 304-324

Moscoso, M. S. (1983) Perspectiva historica de la biorretroalimentacion. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia, 15(1-2), 11-33

Müller, P. (1997) Merkmale des Erlebens in Zuständen „tiefer“ Meditation:

Entwicklung eines Fragebogens zur quantitativen Erfassung des Konstruktes „Meditationstiefe“, Diplomarbeit, Frankfurt am Main: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Fachbereich Psychologie

Niebel G., Hanewinkel R. (1997) Gefahren und Mißbrauchspotential von Meditationstechniken unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Jugendlichen, psychisch labilen und psychisch kranken Menschen. Kiel: Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Institut für Psychologie; Institut für Therapie- und Gesundheitsforschung (IFT Nord) 

O’Connell, D. F., & Alexander, N. C. (Eds.). (1994). Self recovery: Treating addictions using Transcendental Meditation and Maharishi Ayur-Veda. New York, NY: Haworth.

O’Halloran, J. P., Jevning, R., Wilson, A. F., Skowsky, R., Walsh, R. N., Alexander, C. (1985) Hormonal control in a state of decreased activation: Potentiation of arginine vasopressin secretion. Physiology & Behavior, 35(4), 591-595

Orme-Johnson, D. (1973) Autonomic stability and transcendental meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 35, 341-349

Orme-Johnson, D., Haynes, C. T. (1981) EEG phase coherence, pure consciousness, creativity, and TM-Sidhi experiences. International Journal of Neuroscience, 13, 211-217

Orme-Johnson, D. (1987): Medical care utilization and the transcendental meditation program. Psychos. Med. 49, 493-507

Orme-Johnson, D. (1988) The Cosmic Psyche: An introduction to Maharishi’s Vedic Psychology - The Fulfillment of Modern Psychology. Modern Science and Vedic Science, 2(2), 113-163

Orme-Johnson, D., Alexander, C. N., Davies, J. L., Chandler, H. M., Wallace, E. L. (1988) International peace project in the Middle East: The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution  32: 776 – 812

Orme-Johnson, D., Alexander, C. N., Davies, J. L. (1990) The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique.  Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34(4), 756-768

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (1994). Transcendental Meditation as an epidemiological approach to drug and alcohol abuse: Theory, research, and financial impact evaluation. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 11, 119-165.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Walton, K., & Lonsdorf, N. (1995). Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, . Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., & Herron, R. E. (1997). An innovative approach to reducing medical care utilization and expenditures.  American Journal of Managed Care, 3(1), 135-144.

Orme-Johnson, D., Walton, K. G. (1998) All approaches to preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same.  American Journal of Health Promotion 12(5), 297–299

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Preventing crime though the Maharishi Effect. Journal of Offender Rehabilitaton, 36(1/2/3/4), 257-281.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Preventing crime through the Maharishi Effect. In C. N. Alexander, K. G. Walton, D. W. Orme-Johnson, & R. Goodman (Eds.), Impact of Transcendental Meditation in Offender Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention New York: Haworth Press.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Section introduction: Collective consciousness and peace studies. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2003). Section introduction: Public policy. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Alexander, C. N., & Hawkins, M. A. (2003). Critique of the National Research Council’s report on meditation. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Dillbeck, M. C., Alexander, C. N., Chandler, H. M., & Cranson, R. W. (2003). Preventing terrorism and international conflicts: Effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi.  Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4), 283-302.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. & Moore, R. M. (2003). First prison study on the Transcendental Meditation program: La Tuna Federal Penitentiary. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36(1/2/3/4), 89-96.

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Schneider, R. H., Son, Y. D., Nidich, S., Cho, Z-H. (in press). Neuroimaging of Meditation’s Effect on Brain Reactivity to Pain. NeuroReport, August 27, 2006.

Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2006). Evidence that the Transcendental Meditation program prevents or decreases diseases of the nervous system and is specifically beneficial for epilepsy. Medical Hypotheses 67, 246-246

Orme-Johnson, D. W., Barnes, V. A. (2013) Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Technique on Trait Anxiety:A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. THE JOURNAL OF ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE Volume 19, Number 0, 2013, pp. 1–12

Ornstein, R. E. (1972) The psychology of consciousness. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman 

Ott, U. (2000) Merkmale der 40 Hz-Aktivität im EEG während Ruhe, Kopfrechnen und Meditation. Schriften zur Meditation und Meditationsforschung, ed. K. Engel, R. Wahsner, H. Walach, Bd. 5, Frankfurt: Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften Peter Lang

Ottoson, J.-O. (1977) Transcendental Meditation, Socialstyrelsen, D: nr SN 3-9-1194/73

Overbeck, K. D. (1982) Auswirkungen der Technik der Transzendentalen Meditation (TM) auf die Psychische und Psychosomatische Befindlichkeit. Psychoth Psychos med Psychol, 32(6), 188-192

Pagano, R. R., Frumkin, L. R. (1977) The effect of transcendental meditation on right hemispheric functioning. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 2(4), 407-415

Paul-Labrador, M., MPH, Polk, D., MD, MPH, Dwyer, J. H., PhD, Velasquez, I., MD, Nidich, S., PhD, Rainforth, M. PhD, Schneider, R., MD, Noel Bairey Merz, C., MD, (2006) Effects of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Transcendental Meditation on Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Subjects With Coronary Heart Disease. Arch Int Med. 2006; 166: 1218-1224

Pauls, C.A. (2000) Kardiovaskuläre und psychische Korrelate von Sozialer Erwünschtheit in angst- und ärgererzeugenden Situationen, abstract des Referates im wissenschaftl. Programm der Deutschen Ges. f. Psychologie in Jena , Sept. 2000 <http://www.dgps-jena2000.de> 

Persinger M. A. (1993) Transcendental Meditation (TM) and General Meditation are associated with enhanced complex partial epileptic-like signs: Evidence for “cognitive kindling” ? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 80-82

Persinger M. A., (1984) Striking EEG profiles from single episodes of glossolalia and transcendental meditation. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 58(1), 127-133

Piaget, J. (1974) Psychologie der Intelligenz. Olten und Freiburg i. Breisgau: Walter

Piaget, J. (1975)  Biologische Anpassung und Psychologie der Intelligenz. Stuttgart: Klett

Piron, H. (2001) Die Dimension meditativer Tiefe. Transpersonale Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 1

Piron, H. (2001) The Meditation Depth Index (MEDI) and the Meditation Depth Questionnaire (MEDEQ), Journal for Meditation and Meditation Research, 2001 (01), 69 - 92

Piron, H. (2003) Meditation und ihre Bedeutung für die seelische Gesundheit. BIS-Verlag, Universität Oldenburg, Transpersonale Studien, Bd. 7, ISBN 3-8142-0872-2

Pitts, F. N. (1969) The biochemistry of anxiety. Scientific American 220, 69-76 

Puente, A. E. (1981) Psychophysiological investigations on transcendental meditation. Biofeedback & Self Regulation, 6(3), 327-342

Puente, A. E., Beimann, I. (1980) The effects of behavior therapy, self-relaxation, and Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular stress response. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36(1): 291-295

Quekelberghe, R. van (2002) Auf der Suche nach einer psychologischen Grunddimension spiritueller Erfahrungen. In: Transpersonale Studien, Belschner, W., Gottwald, P., (Hrsg.) Oldenburg: Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der Universität BIS – Verlag 

Quint, J. (1979) Meister Eckhart. Deutsche Predigten und Traktate. Zürich: Diogenes

Rama, Swami (2000) Unter Meistern im Himalaya. Arkana, München: Wilhelm Goldmann

Ramana Maharshi (1990) Self enquiry. Translation by T.M.P Mahadevan. 10th edition, 1990, reprint 1994. Published by V. S. Ramanan, President, Board of Trustees Sri Ramanasramam Tiruvannamalai South India

Rao, P. K., Rao, K. R. (1982) Two studies of ESP and subliminal perception. Journal of Parapsychology, 46(3), 185-207

Rainforth, M., Alexander, C. N., and Cavanaugh, K.L. (2003). Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on recidivism of former inmates of Folsom Prison: Survival analysis of 15-year follow-up data. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 35(1/2/3/4), 181-204.

Raskin, M., Bali, L. R., Peeke, H. V. (1980) Muscle biofeedback and transcendental meditation: A controlled evaluation of efficacy in the treatment of chronic anxiety. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37(1), 93-97

Rogers, C. A.; Livingston, D. D. (1977) Accumulative effects of periodic relaxation. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 44(3, Pt. 1), 690Sabel, B. A. (1980) Transcendental meditation and concentration ability. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 50(3, Pt.1), 799-802

Saldana, C. (1986) La bio-retroalimentacion: Origenes y desarrollos historicos. Revista de Historia de la Psicologia, 7(1), 25-54

Salkovskis P., Kirk J. (1996) Zwangssyndrome. In: Hrsgb: J. Margraf, Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie Bd. 2 Störungen Glossar, Berlin: Springer 

Schejbal, P., Kroner, B., Niesel, W. (1978) An attempt to determine the effects of autogenic training and Transcendental Meditation on the variables of a personality inventory. Psychotherapie und Medizinische Psychologie, 28(5): 158-164

Schneider, R. H., Nidich, S. I., Salerno, J. W., Sharma, H. M., Robinson, C. E., Nidich, R. J., Alexander, C. N. (1998) Lower lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation Program. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60(1), 38-41 

Schrodt, P. A. (1990) A methodological critique of a test of the effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34(4), 745-755

Seiler, G., Seiler, V. (1979) The effects of transcendental meditation on periodontal tissue. Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine, 26(1), 8-12

Senar, A.G. (1982) Las tecnicas psicofisioterapeuticas de inspiracion oriental para una psiquiatria en transformacion. Revista de Psiquiatria y Psicologia Medica, 15(7), 387-409

Swami Lakshman Joo (auch: Svami Laksman Joo) (1969) Shiva Sutras, Kashmir: unveröffentlichtes Manuskript (Bezug über IPPM)

Swami Lakshman Joo (auch: Svami Laksman Joo) (Datum unbekannt) Turiya and Turiyatita in Kashmir Shaivism. <http://www.ksf.org/pub/turya.pdf>

Smith, D. E., Glaser, J. L., Schneider, R. H., Dillbeck, M. C. (1989) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the Transcendental Meditation (TM) Program. Psychosomatic Medicine, 51, 259 

So, K.- T., Orme-Johnson, D. W. (2001) Three randomized experiments on the longitudinal effects of the transcendental meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29, 419-440.

Taucher P (1983) Der Einfluß von Entspannungs- und Meditationstechniken auf das Lernvermögen von Schulkindern. Dissertation, Wien: Universität Wien, Grund- und Integrativwissenschaftliche Fakultät

Throll, D. A. (1981) Transcendental Meditation and Progressive Relaxation: Their psychological effects. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37(4), 776-781

Throll, D. A. (1982) Transcendental Meditation and Progressive Relaxation: Their physiological effects. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38(3), 522-530

Tjoa, A. (1975) Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the transcen-dental meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie (Behavior: Journal of Psychology), 3, 167-182

Travis, F. (1976) Creative Thinking and the Transcendental meditation Technique. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 13(3)

Travis, F., Wallace, R. K. (1997) Autonomic patterns during respiratory suspensions: Possible markers of Transcendental Consiousness. Psychophysiology, 34, 39 - 46

Travis, F. (1999) Autonomic and EEG Patterns during Eyes-Closed Rest and Transcendental Meditation (TM) Practice: The Basis for a Neural Model of TM Practice. Consciousness and Cognition 8, 302 – 318

Travis, F., Pearson, C. (2000) Pure consciousness: distinct phenomenological and physiological correlates of “consciousness itself” Int. J. Neuroscience 100 (1-4): 77-89

Travis, F., Tecce, J. J., & Guttman, J. (2000). Cortical plasticity, contingent negative variation, and transcendent experiences during practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique. Biological Psychology, 55, 41-55.

Travis, F. (2001) Autonomic and EEG patterns distinguish transcending from other experiences during Transcendental Meditation practice. International Journal of Psychophysiology 42, 1 - 9

Travis, F., Tecce, J., Arenander, A., Wallace, R. K. (2002) Patterns of EEG coherence, power, and contingent negative variation characterize the integration of transcendental and waking states. Biological Psychology. 61(3), 293 - 319

Travis, F., Arenander, A., DuBois, D. (2004) Psychological and physiological characteristics of a proposed object-referral/self-referral continuum of self-awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 13 (2), 401 - 420

Vaitl, D., Petermann, F. (2000) Handbuch der Entspannungsverfahren. Weinheim: Psychologie Verlags Union

Vivekananda, Swami (1983) Jnana-YogaI. Freiburg i. Breisgau: Bauer

Wallace, R. K. (1970) Physiological effects of Transcendental Meditation. Science 167, 1751-1754

Wallace, R. K., Benson, H., Wilson, A. F. (1971) A wakeful hypometabolic physiologic state. Am. J. Physiol. 221, 795-799

Wallace, R. K., (1982) The effects of the transcendental meditation and TM-Sidhi program on the aging process. International Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 53-58

Wallace, R. K., Silver, J., Mills, P. J., Dillbeck, M. C., Wagoner, D. E. (1983) Systolic blood pressure and long-term practice of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program: Effects of TM an systolic blood pressure. Psychosomatic Medicine, 45(1), 41-46

Wallace, R. K., Mills, P. J., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Dillbeck, M. C., Jacobe, E. (1983) Modification of the paired H Reflex through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Experimental Neurology, 79, 77-86

Walton, K. G., Cavanaugh, K. L., & Pugh, N. D. (2003). Effect of group practice of the Transcendental Meditation program on biochemical indicators of stress in non-meditators: Causal analysis of a field theory of consciousness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Walton, K. G., Fields, J. Z., Harris, D. A., Pugh, N. D., Alexander, C. N., & Waziri, R. (in press-b). Stress and aging: Reduced cortisol response to glucose in postmenopausal women practicing the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts.

Walton, K. G., Pugh, B. S., Gelderloos, P., & MacRae, P. (1995). Stress reduction and preventing hypertension: Preliminary support for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1(3), 263-283.

Wandhöfer, A., Kobal, G., Plattig, K.-H. (1976) Latenzverkürzung menschlicher auditorisch evozierter Hirnpotentiale bei Transzendentaler Meditation. Z EEG-EMG 7, 99-103

Warner, T. Q. (1986) Transcendental meditation and developmental advance-ment: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47(8), 3558B

Warrenburg, S., Pagano, R. (1982) Meditation and hemispheric specialization: I. Absorbed attention in long-term adherence. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 2(3), 211-229

Weiss, C., (1972)  Das Experiment im Subjektiven. Eine Methodologie der subjektiven Erfahrung. Bad Homburg: Unveröffentl. Manuskript 

Werner, O., Wallace, R. K., Charles, B., Janssen, G., Stryker, T., Chalmers, R. (1986) Long-term endocrinologic changes in subjects practicing the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program. Psychosomatic Medicine, 48(1-2), 59-66

Wilber, K. (1998) Naturwissenschaft und Religion. Die Versöhnung von Wissen und Weisheit. Frankfurt: Krüger

Wilke, A. (1997) Keine Urmotive, nur Besonderungen. Rudolf Otto's West-Östliche Mystik, die Problematik des interreligiösen Dialogs und der Vergleich Eckhart – Shankara. Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte, 49(1), 34-70

Wilke, A. (1995) Ein Sein - Ein Erkennen. Meister Eckharts Christologie und Sankaras Lehre vom Atman: Zur (Un-)Vergleichbarkeit zweier Einheitslehren. Studia Religiosa Helvetica, Series Altera 2. Bern: Peter Lang

Wilke, A. (1986) Das Alleinscheinende - Einheit und Vielheit im Advaita Vedanta, dargestellt an Katha-Upanisad 5,15. In: Braun, H. J., Krieger, D. (Hrsg.), Indische Religionen und das Christentum im Dialog, Zürich, 97-118

Wilson, A. F., Honsberger, A. W., Chiu, J. T., Novey, H. S. (1975) Transcendental Meditation and asthma. Respiration , 32, 74-80

Yuille, J. C., Sereda, L. (1980) Positive effects of meditation: A limited generali-zation ? Journal of Applied Psychology, 65(3), 333-340

Zaichkowski, L. D., Kamen, R. (1978) Biofeedback and meditation: Effects on muscle tension and locus of control. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 46(3, Pt. 1), 955-958

Zamarra, J. W., Schneider, R. H., Besseghini, I., Robinson, D. K., Salerno, J. W. (1996) Usefulness of the transcendental meditation program in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 15; 77(10): 867-70 

Zipf, G. K. (1949), Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort. Addison Wesley, Cambridge, MA, USA

Zuroff, D. C., Schwarz, J. C. (1978) Effects of transcendental meditation and muscle relaxation on trait anxiety, maladjustment, locus of control, and drug use. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 46(2): 264-271

Zuroff, D. C., Schwarz, J. C. (1980) Transcendental Meditation versus muscle relaxation: A two-year follow-up of a a controlled experiment. American Journal of Psychiatry , 137(10), 1229-1231

Bücher:

Neuerscheinung: Fehr, Theo: Yoga - Meditation - Samadhi - Therapie aus Sicht des Advaita-Vedanta. Die Philosophie des Nondualismus und psychosoziale Wirkungen ihrer Anwendung. Peter Lang Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, broschiert, 271 Seiten, Euro 45,50

Informiert über die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Ergebnisse zum Samadhi-Zustand, über die Philosophie des Nondualismus - Advaita Vedanta, über höhere Bewusstseinszustände; Übersicht über die Forschungsergebnisse zur Meditation der letzten dreißig Jahre: Medizin, Gesundheit, Hormone, Gehirn, Psychologie, Soziologie; Meditationseffekte im Rahmen therapeutischer und psychologischer Techniken, Vergleiche mit anderen Meditationsformen und Entspannungstechniken.

Gottwald/Howald: Selbsthilfe durch Meditation, mvg Pb., 256 S.

populärwissenschaftliches Buch über Meditation, leicht verständlicher Überblick über den gesamten Bereich der Wirkungen.

Nancy Cooke de Herrera: Die Weisen, Aquamarin Vlg., 500 S.

persönliche Erlebnisgeschichte einer TM-Lehrerin mit der Transzendentalen Meditation über mehr als ein Jahrzehnt, mit den Beatles, Greta Garbo, Maharishi und weiteren bekannten Heiligen und Gurus. Ein wenig amerikanisch, aber recht unterhaltsam zu lesen.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Die Wissenschaft vom Sein und die Kunst des Lebens

Maharishis verständliche Darstellung der philosophischen Hintergründe der Meditation und ihrer Wirkungen in den verschiedenen Feldern des Lebens

Paramahansa Yogananda: Autobiographie eines Yogi, 658 S., Kartoniert, Shanti-Books, SRF

auch: gebunden, Barth-Vlg.

Authentische Lebensbeschreibung eines indischen Yogi: Pflichtlektüre ! Leicht lesbar, spannend!

H.H. Bloomfield, R.B. Kory: Das Glückspotential. B. Kleine Vlg., 340 S., 

Populärwissenschaftliches Buch über Psychotherapie und Transzendentale Meditation, Darstellung des Wachstumszyklus, des Stress-Zyklus, die Psychophysiologie des Glücks u.a.; empfehlenswert !

B. Müller-Elmau: Kräfte aus der Stille, ECON-Ratgeber, 187 S.

B. Müller Elmau kommt von „der Elmau“ – Schloß Elmau am Wetterstein, schrieb als TM-Lehrer dies Buch; er betrachtet die Meditation hier aus christlicher Perspektive. Eine sprituelle Inspiration aus christlicher Tradition.

B. Müller-Elmau: Heilung durch das Selbst. Bonz Vlg., 141 S., 

Ein Buch über Heilung, Ganzwerdung und Gesundheit aus spiritueller und christlicher Sicht.

Aron, E. und A.: Der Maharishi Effekt. Heyne 08/9591

Fortgeschritten:

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: On the Bhagavad-Gita, A New Translation And Commentary Chapters 1 – 6

Maharishis Kommentar über die ersten 6 Kapitel der Gita, in englischer Sprache (empfehlenswert); Darlegung der Philosophie des Advaita Vedanta anhand der Erzählungen der Gita.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Bhagavad Gita, übersetzt und neu kommentiert, Kapitel 1 – 6, Vlg. International SRM Publications

Maharishis Kommentar über die ersten 6 Kapitel der Gita, in deutscher Sprache

Bede Griffiths: Die Hochzeit von Ost und West. Hoffnung für die Menschheit. 217 S., 

Der Autor war Benediktiner in England, der 1955 nach Indien ging und dort in einem Ashram lebte, in dem Menschen verschiedener religiöser Bekenntnisse zusammenwachsen. Griffiths plädiert für eine Synthese östlichen und westlichen Denkens und zeigt Parallelen zwischen vedischer, jüdischer und christlicher Offenbarung auf.

Spezielle Literatur für Fortgeschrittene:

A. M. Sastry: The Bhagavad Gita with the commentary of Sri Sankaracharya. Samata Books Madras. 534 S.

Adi Sankaras earliest extant commentary on the Bhagavad Gita. This book contains the original Sanskrit text of the Gita in Devanagri followed by its translation as also the the translation of Sankara’s Gita Bhasya in English by Alladi Mahadeva Sastri.

Bhagavadgita. Der vollständige Text mit dem Kommentar Shankaras. Knaur Esoterik. 415 S.

Trevor Leggett: Sankara on the Yoga Sutras. Motilal Banarsidass.

The first complete english translation of a highly significant historical find, an unknown early Sanskrit subcommentary purporting to be by Sankara, on the Yoga Sutras of Patañjali, a genuine work of India’s greatest religious and philosophical genius and architect of the non-dual Vedanta school.

Sankara: Die Erkenntnis der Wahrheit. Eines der großen Weisheitsbücher der Menschheit. Econ, 205 S.

Das „Kleinod der Unterscheidung“ („Vivekachudamani“) gehört zu den heiligen Schriften der Inder und zu den großen Weisheitsbüchern der Menschheit. Inhalt außerdem: Die Philosophie des Nicht-Dualismus, Die Erkenntnis der Wahrheit (Tattwa-bodha).

Alston, A. J. (2004) A Shankara Sourcebook in six volumes. London, Shanti Sadan

Angôt, M. (2002) L’Inde classique. Paris, Société d’édition Les Belles Lettres

Aranya, Swami Hariharananda (1977) Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali, rendered into English by P. N. Mukerji, Calcutta, University of Calcutta

Bettina Bäumer: Upanishaden – Befreiung zum Sein. W. Heyne Vlg. München. 238 S.

Innere Weite und Freiheit aus den indischen Weisheitslehren. Die Upanishaden gehören mit zu den ältesten geistigen Werken der Veden. Ein schönes, preiswertes Bändchen. über die Advaita-Philosophie.

E. Wolz-Gottwald: Meister Eckhard und die Upanishaden. Königshausen und Neumann, 230 S. 

Eine sauber ausgearbeitete wissenschaftliche philosophische Abhandlung.

Christian Brehmer: Die Evolution des Bewußtseins und die Erforschung ihres zukünftigen Verlaufes im Rahmen eines erweiterten Wissenschaftsverständnisses. Peter Lang Vlg. 

C. Brehmer ist Lehrer der Transzendentalen Meditation und belegt in dieser Promotionsarbeit die These, dass die gegenwärtige globale Krise vor allem eine Krise des Bewußtseins ist, die nur durch eine evolutionäre Erweiterung des Bewußtseins gelöst werden kann. Anspruchsvoll und hochinteressant!

Prof. Dr. Dr. Klaus Engel: Meditation – Geschichte, Systematik, Forschung, Theorie. Peter Lang Vlg., 2. stark erweiterte Auflage 1999, 479 S.

Ein ausführliches wissenschaftliches Werk mit hervorragenden sachlichen Darstellungen der wichtigsten Meditationsrichtungen. Wer dies Buch gelesen hat, ist wissenschaftlich auf dem absolut neuesten Stand !! Läßt sich allerdings nicht wie ein Roman lesen... 

Swami Vivekananda: Raja Yoga, Hermann Bauer Vlg., 286 S.

Über den Yoga-Pfad, Atemkontrolle (Pranayama), Konzentration und Meditation sowie die Yoga-Aphorismen des Patanjali. Wer die Grundlagen des Yoga studieren möchte, ist hier richtig.

Swami Vivekananda: Karma-Yoga und Bhakti-Yoga, Bauer Vlg., 261 S.

Handeln in Nicht-Anhaftung und der Pfad der Liebe sind hier die Themen.

Swami Vivekananda: Jnana-Yoga I und II. Bauer Vlg. Bd. I 262 S., Bd. II 253 S.

Advaita Vedanta, Atman, Brahman, das Absolute, die EINHEIT, die Freiheit der Seele sind hier die Themen.

Moderne Erwachte und Erleuchtete über Erwachen und Erleuchtung

I AM THAT; Talks with Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj, translated by M. Frydman, ed. by S. Dikshit, Chetana Ltd. Bombay

Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj: Ich Bin. Gespräche mit Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj. Hrsg. M. Frydman, Peters & Kamphausen Vlg.

Raphael: Jenseits des Zweifels, Lüchow Vlg.

Raphael: Yoga - Initiationswege zum Transzendenten.Kamphausen Vlg.